Alexander the great life introduction history and biography

Alexander the great life introduction history and biography

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Alexander the great life introduction history and biography,  Alexander the great  actual name was Alexander III. 

In India, he is addressed as Sikander. Alexander III was the King of Macedonia and the winner of the Persian Empire, who is known for his most successful military operations in his life. 

According to Greek historians, Alexander had conquered the whole world, so he is also called World Winner. And with its name great or great is also applied.

Alexander the great life introduction history and biography

NameAlexander III
Nick nameSikandar
FatherPhilip II
MotherOlympia
Setp MotherKleopatera
WifeRokjana
GrandFatherNeoptolemus
Birth date20 July 356 BC
Place of birthIn Pella
Teachers’ nameThe Stern Leonidas of Epirus,

Lysimax, Aristotle

SpecialityAlexander was a good horse and warrior since childhood
HobbiesInterested in mathematics, science and philosophy
Horse nameBushephels
Conquered CountriesAthens, Asia Minor, Pelestine and the whole of Persia and Sindhu till then India
Death date13 June 323 BC
Death ReasonMalaria
Death PlaceBabylonian
ControversyAlexander made many wars as a king and won the country, but in his royal court on the second marriage of his father, the uncle and his stepmother became unquestionable.

Alexander: Birth and Family

Alexander the great was born on 20 July 356 BC in “Pella”, which was the capital of ancient Napoleon. 

Alexander was the son of Philip II, who was King of Macedonia and Olympia, and Princess Olipia of his neighboring kingdom Epirus was his mother.Alexander the Nana King was the Neoptalmes.

There was also a sister of Alexander, both of whom were raised in the royal court of Pella. He had seen his father engaged mostly in military campaigns or in post-marriage relations, but his mother paid a lot of attention to the upbringing of Alexander and his sister.

Alexander’s education

Alexander the great took his initial education from his relative The Stern Leonidas of Epirus, who had appointed Alexander to teach mathematics, horseback riding and archery.But he could not handle the fiery and rebellious nature of Alexander.

After this, Alexander’s teacher was Lysimax, who controlled Alexander’s rebellious nature and initiated him for war training.

When he was 13 years old, Philip then appointed Aristotle, a private teacher for Alexander. Aristotle is called Aristi in India. For the next 3 years, Aristotle taught Sikandar literature and gave eloquence; Apart from this, Aristotle also stimulated Alexander’s trend in the field of science, philosophy, and medicine, and all of these statues also included an important part of Alexander’s lifetime.

Alexander and His War Skills

Alexander the great had seen his father transforming McDonie from a normal state to great military power. Seeing victories over the victory of his father’s balances, Alexander grew up.

At the age of 12, Alexander had learned horse riding very well, and he showed his father when he had been able to control a trained horse, Bucephalas, who was unable to control any more. 

Plutarch wrote about this: “Philip and his friends were waiting for the result from the first anxiety, and they believed that the career and life of Philip’s son is now going to end, but in the end, when the people of Alexander Seeing the victory, then, happily began to play applause, the eyes of Alexander’s father came tears, which were tears of joy and pride. 

He descended from his horse and said to his son, “My son should look towards you and towards this great empire, this kingdom of Macedonia is very small in front of you, you have immense talent” (Alex .6.8 ) “Alexander rode the Bushephels in many wars of his life,

In 340 when Philip collected his huge Macedonian army and started infiltrating Thrace, he left his 16-year-old son Alexander to rule his place on the McDonnia state, which shows that at such a young age Only Alexander was considered to be responsible.

As the Macedonian army began to move forward in Thrace, the Thracian tribe of Medi rebelled on the north-east border of Macedonia, thereby increasing the danger for the country. 

Alexander collected the army and used it in front of the rebels, defeating the Madi tribe by speeding up the operation, and captured their fortress and named it Alexandangolis after their own name.

Two years later, in 338 BCE, when the Macedonian infiltrated the Macedonian army in Greece, he gave his son a post of senior general in the army. 

Greece was defeated in the war of Cheronia, and Alexander depicted his bravery and finished the Greek Force-Theban Secret Band. Some historians say that this McDonian’s victory was entirely based on Alexander’s heroism.

Disfiguring the family and the murder of Phillip’s

After the Greek defeat in Cheronia, the royal family began to scatter. Philip also married Kleopatera. At the wedding ceremony, Cleoptera of Uncle questioned Philip being the legitimate successor. 

Alexander fired his cup on the face of that person, and expressed his anger to call him a bastard child. Philip stood up and struck his sword on Alexander, who fell into the face of being in his semi-conscious state.

Sikander then shouted in anger, “Look, the man standing here who is preparing to win from Europe to Asia, but at this time can not cross a table without losing his balance. 

After this, he took his mother along and went to Apiris. Although he was allowed to return, but for a considerable time after that, Alexander remained detached from the McDonian Court.

Alexander the great life introduction history and biography

alexander the great

alexander the great

Also Read:  Aryabhatta Biography

Alexander the great life introduction history and biography

Alexander the king’s acquisition of Alexander

336 Alexander the great sister married the king of the Molossian, during this festival Pausanias killed King Philip II. At the time of his father’s death, Alexander was 19 years old, and he had the passion and passion for power.

He gathered the General and the Fighter along with the Macedonian Army, including the army that fought with the Keronia. The army declared Alexander a feudal king and helped kill the other heirs of his dynasty.

Olympia also helped her son, she killed the daughter of Philipp and Kleopatera, and forced Clippetera to commit suicide.

Due to Alexander the Macedonian king of Macedonia, he did not get control of the Corinthian League, but the southern states of Greece also began celebrating the death of Philipp II, and he started split and independent expression.

Athen also had an own agenda. The state was expected to get league charges under the leadership of the Democratic Demosthenes. As soon as he started the free movement, Alexander immediately sent his army to the south and asked him to accept his leadership.

By the end of 336, the cities related to the Corinthian League regrouped with the Greek states, in which Athens refused and sent its powerful army to fight against the Persian kingdom. 

But before preparing for the war Alexander defeated the Thracian tribe in 335 and protected the northern boundary of Macedonia.

Alexander’s Campaigns and Conquests

When Alexander the great was close to ending his ventilated campaign, he got the news that the city of the Greek kingdom Thabs had driven the Macedonian army away from his fort; Alexander feared the rebellion of other cities, Alexander with his army in the south Done

During all these developments, Alexander’s General Parnian has made his way to Asia. Alexander and his army arrived in Thebes in such a way that the army there did not get the chance to self-defense.

Alexander believed that the destruction of Thebes would be feared even on other states, and that this fear proved to be true, on the other hand, other Greek Greeks along with Athens were ready to make a treaty with the Macedonian state.

In 334 Alexander started sailing for the Asian campaign and reached Troy in the spring of that year. Alexander faced the army of Persian King Darius III near the Grancious River, defeating them badly. By the fall of the fall, Alexander and his army crossed the southern sea shore, entered the Goryadiyah from Asia Minor, where they just rested during the winter.

In the summer of 333, there was again a war between the army of Alexander and Darius’s army. However, due to being more troops in Alexander’s army, he again won a one-sided, and Alexander caught Darius and shouted him to declare himself King of Persia.

Alexander’s next goal was to conquer Egypt, Alexander captured Egypt easily by siege of Gaza. In 331 he built the city of Alexandria and made that city the center for Greek culture and trade. After that Alexander defeated Persia in the Battle of Gougela. 

Along with the defeat of the Persian army, Alexander the King of Babylon, the King of Asia and the king of the four corners of the world.

Alexander’s next goal was Eastern Iran, where he built the Macedonian colony and captured 327 forts in Arimazes. After capturing Prince Oxyartes, he married Prince’s daughter, Rokjana.

Alexander and India 

In 328, Alexander the great defeated the army of Poros in India, but he was very impressed by the power of Poros and made him king again. 

Alexander tried to move towards east of Indhu, but his army refused to move forward and asked to return. In 325, after recovering Alexander, with his army, towards the north, he turned to the support of the Persian Gulf; at that time many people fell ill, some were injured, some died, and some died. 

To maintain his leadership and influence, he thought of bringing the intellectuals of Persia to the enlightened people of Macedonia, from which to form a ruling class. In this sequence, in Susa, he married a number of Macedonian people from the princes of Persia.

When Alexander appointed a Persian army in his army of 10 thousand, he fired many McDonian soldiers. Due to this, he was greatly annoyed by the vast majority of the army and he also refused to adopt Persian culture.

Alexander then quieted the wrath of the Macedonian soldiers by killing 13 Persian army heroes. In this way, the arrangement for making the relations between Parrasiya and McDonnia in Susa could not be successful.

Alexander the great life introduction history and biography   

Alexander the great Death

After conquering Carthage and Rome, Alexander died in Babylonian due to malaria disease.

Alexander the great died on 13 June 323, then he was only 32 years old. A few months after his death his wife Roxana gave birth to a son. 

After his death his empire broke down, and the countries involved were fighting for power among themselves. The cultural coordination between Greek and East had adverse effects on Alexander’s empire.

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