Biography and Life Introduction of Mahatma Gandhi

Biography and Life Introduction of Mahatma Gandhi

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Biography and Life Introduction of Mahatma Gandhi, With the struggle of non-violence and Satyagraha, they gave freedom to the British from India. His work became an example for the whole world. They always used to say no bad, do not listen, do not say bad, and they also believed that the truth never loses. India has declared this great man as the Father of the Nation. His full name was ‘ Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.

Biography and Life Introduction of Mahatma Gandhi

Full name – Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi 
Birth – 2 October 1869 
Birth place – Porbandar (Gujarat) 
Father – Karamchand 
Mother – Pupil Bai 
Education – Passed matriculation examination in 1887. In 1891 he became India’s barrister in Britain. 
Marriage – Kasturba (Mahatma Gandhi Wife Name – Kasturba Gandhi ) 
children’s names – Harilal , Manilal, Ramdas, Devdas 
achievements – Indian Nation, contribution in getting free India, truth and non-violence as a source of inspiration, important freedom struggle of India Contribution India Quit Movement, Swadeshi Movement, Non-Cooperation Movement, Swadeshi Movement etc. 
Important work – The importance of truth and nonviolence has brought it to the people, eliminated the evils like touching and 
Death – 30 January 1948

Matama gandhi Signature

Mahatma Gandhi Signature

Mahatma Gandhi biography of the Father of the Nation

Today, we are breathing in free India, because our Father Mahatma Gandhi – Mahatma Gandhi, liberated India from the British on the strength of his untiring efforts, not only this great man put his whole life into national interest. The example of the martyrdom of Mahatma Gandhi is given today.

The Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi – Mahatma Gandhi had two weapons of truth and non-violence, who, in a terrible and extremely difficult situation, adopted the path of peace, not only won them easily in bigger movements, but also became an inspiration for others. .

Mahatma Gandhi is also called by the Father of the Nation and Father of the Nation. He was a person of simple life, thinking of high thinking. He spent his whole life in virtue and sacrificed his whole life in national interest. They put the influence of their personality not only in India but in the whole world.

Mahatma Gandhi was the great, whose work is as little praise as possible. Mahatma Gandhi- Mahatma Gandhi used to follow any formula himself and then used to try to learn from his mistakes.

That is, he was a person who walked the ideals and the same ideals of his life gave him the title of the President.

Early life of Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. His father Karamchand Gandhi was the ‘Diwan’ of Rajkot, his mother’s name was Putlibai, which was a religious thought woman and his views on Mahatma Gandhi also had a profound effect.

Mahatma Gandhi’s early education took place in Rajkot. He took admission in the 10th class in 1881. Let us tell you that Gandhiji was only married to Kasturba when he was only 13 years old, that is, since his young age, Gandhi had started raising his responsibilities, but Gandhiji’s hard determination has always made him Encouraged and his family life was never stopped by his ideas of education and his national interest.

He never cared for his selfishness and continued his studies even after marriage. Mahatma Gandhi passed matriculation examination in 1887 and took admission in Samaldas College of Bhavnagar. But on the say of family members, they had to go to England for further studies. Where he completed his studies of advocacy.

When Mahatma Gandhi returned from England

In 1891, Gandhi returned to India after being a barrister, he lost his mother at the same time, but Gandhiji courageously faced this difficult time and Gandhiji started his advocacy after this, but he had a special success in it. Not found

Gandhiji’s visit to South Africa

Mahatma Gandhi – During Mahatma Gandhi’s advocacy, a Muslim business body named Dada Abdullah and Abdullah had to go to South Africa in connection with the lawsuit. In this journey Gandhi faced the discrimination and discrimination of apartheid. Tell you that Gandhiji was the first Indian great man to reach South Africa, who was dropped out of the train in a humiliating way. At the same time, the British there used to be very discriminating with them, here too they were treated badly under the black policy.

After which the limits of Gandhi’s patience were broken and he decided to fight against this apartheid.

Gandhiji resolved to fight against apartheid

Against the atrocities of apartheid Gandhiji, together with the Diaspora residing here, formed the Natal Indian Congress in 1894 and started extracting the Indian Opinion newspaper.

After this, this movement, which started the defiance movement for South African Indians in 1906, was named Satyagraha.

Return to India from South Africa

In 1915, after returning to India after all the conflicts in South Africa, India returned to India with the stigma of slavery in British India. The people of this country were suffering from poverty and starvation due to the tyranny of the British. Gandhiji, looking at the atrocities being here, decided to fight the war against British rule, and once again, he joined the freedom struggle with conscientiousness.

Movement of Gandhiji’s Indian Freedom Struggle

In Champaran and Kheda, when the British were ruling India. The landlords were then exploiting them by doing more than the farmers. In such a situation, the situation of hunger and poverty had arisen. After that Gandhiji organized a movement for the rights of farmers living in Champaran and managed to get the money back from 25 per cent to the farmers in this movement.

In this movement Mahatma Gandhi made his weapon of non-violent Satyagraha and he won. This made them a different image among the people.

After this, the farmers of Kheda had broken the hill of Akali due to which the farmers were unable to pay their taxes. Gandhiji placed this matter in front of the British government and offered to forgive the poor farmers. After this, the British Government accepted this offer of intense and stunning Gandhi and waived the payment of poor farmers.

Mahatma Gandhi’s Khilafat movement (1919-1924)

After the poor and the laborers, Gandhi also supported the Khilafat movement, which was run by Muslims. This movement was run to re-establish the post of the Khalifa of Turkey. After this movement Gandhiji had also won the trust of Hindu-Muslim unity. At the same time, it became the foundation of non-cooperation movement of Gandhi-Mahatma Gandhi ji.

Non-cooperation Movement of Mahatma Gandhi (1919-1920)

During the meeting at the Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar to protest against the Role Act, the British Office opened fire on innocent people without cause, in which 1000 people were killed while more than 2000 were injured. Mahatma Gandhi had suffered a lot since this incident, after which Mahatma Gandhi decided to move against the British government on the path of peace and non-violence. Under this Gandhiji demanded the boycott of political, social institutions in British India.

In this movement, Mahatma Gandhi formulated the outline of the proposal as follows:

  1. Boycott of government colleges
  2. Boycott of government courts
  3. Exotic malls boycott
  4. Boycott of election under 1919 Act

Mahatma Gandhi’s Chauri Chaura Kand (1922)

On February 5, the Congress had taken out a procession in Chaura-Chauri village, where violence had spread, in fact the police tried to stop the procession but the crowd was becoming uncontrollable. Meanwhile, protesters set fire to a police station and 21 soldiers in the police station and set on fire. All the people were burnt to death in this fire; Mahatma Gandhi – Mahatma Gandhi’s heart was shocked by the incident. After this he wrote in the Young India newspaper that,

Mahatma Gandhi had initiated this movement against the British government under which the decision of the British government not to accept the rules had been taken or decided to oppose these rules. Tell you that the British government had made the rule that no other person or company would make salt.

On March 12, 1930, by breaking the law by making salt by Dandi Yatra, they reached the place called Dandi and made salt and had defied the law.

Mahatma Gandhi – Gandhiji’s Dandi Tour lasted from 12 March 1930 to 6 April 1930. Dandi Yatra was derived from Sabarmati Ashram. On seeing this movement rising, the government sent the then Viceroy Lord Irwin to the agreement, after which Gandhi had accepted the agreement.

Quit India Movement of Mahatma Gandhi (1942)

Mahatma Gandhi made the third largest movement against British rule. This movement was given the name of ‘Quit India’.

However, Gandhiji had to go to jail even in this movement. But to run the movement through the young worker strikes and sabotage of the country at the time of child-child slaves had upset India and Azad wanted to live in India. However this movement was unsuccessful.

Failure of Mahatma Gandhi’s movement

These movements were not started all over the country together. Individual was started this movement in different date, which was attended by large-scale farmers and students in the movement, however, has reduced its impact.

Many Indians in the Quit India Movement were thinking that they would get independence after independence, hence the movement became weak.

The Quit India movement of Gandhiji did not have succeeded, but this movement had made the British rulers realize that nowhere else India will be able to rule them and that they have to leave India.

Mahatma Gandhi-Gandhi’s movements on the path of peace and non-violence have played an important role in liberating slave India and have had a profound impact in everyone’s life.

Some special things of Mahatma Gandhi

The President Mahatma Gandhi – Mahatma Gandhi, who believed in simple life, was called ‘Mahatma’ because of his nature.

Truth and Nonviolence

Mahatma Gandhi’s two weapons of life were truth and non-violence. On this, they liberated India from slavery and forced the British to leave India.

Biography and Life Introduction of Mahatma Gandhi

Jinnah and Gandhi

Jinnah and Gandhi

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Gandhiji’s life work at a glance

In 1893, he had to go to South Africa to prosecute Dada Abdulla Inca Trade Company. When they were in South Africa, they also faced injustice and atrocities. By organizing Indian people to resist them, he established the National Indian Congress in 1894.

  • In 1906, according to the order of the rule of law, it was consolidated to keep the identity card together. Apart from this, he started the Satyagraha movement against the British rule in protest against the color discrimination policy.
  • In 1915, Mahatma Gandhi returned to India – Mahatma Gandhi and he first established Sabarmati Yeha Satyagrah Ashram.
  • And in 1919 he started in the ‘Civil Disobedience’ movement.
  • In 1920, the non-cooperation movement started.
  • After the demise of Lokmanya Tilak in 1920, the rise of the National Assembly came to Mahatma Gandhi.
  • In the Legislative Assembly of Nagpur in 1920, the National Assembly passed the resolution of the nationwide movement of non-cooperation. All the sources of the Non-Cooperation Movement were passed to Mahatma Gandhi.
  • In 1924, presided over the convention of Belgaum, the National Assembly.
  • Civil Disobedience Movement started in 1930. Government monopoly to be made on salt and salt-making can be canceled. Demanded such a viceroy, Viceroy did not take that demand, then Gandhiji decided to break the salt law and make Satyagrah.
  • In 1931, Gandhiji was present in the Second Round Table Conference as a representative of the National Assembly.
  • In 1932, he founded the All India Harijan Association.
  • In 1933, he started the newspaper ‘Harijan’.
  • In 1934 Gandhiji founded ‘Sewagram’ this ashram near Wardha. They tried to do Harijan Seva, Village Industries, Village improvement and other legislative programs.
  • In 1942, the movement started. Gandhiji gave this new mantra to ‘Karege or Marege’.
  • In World War II Mahatma Gandhiji – Mahatma Gandhi urged his countrymen not to fight for Britain. For which he was arrested. After the war, he again took over the reins of freedom movement. Ultimately, on August 15, 1947, our country gained independence. Gandhiji always gave a message of tolerance towards various religions.
  • In 1948 Nathuram Godse finished his life with his shot. The whole world was shocked by this accident.

Mahatma Gandhi was a great man, he did many important works in his life, while the most important thing about Gandhiji’s movements was that he had to face all the struggles on the path of truth and non-violence.

He tried many times to unite Hindus and Muslims in his life. At the same time Gandhiji’s personality was such that everyone was eager to meet him and was impressed with them.

Biography and Life Introduction of Mahatma Gandhi

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Mahatma Gandhi Character 

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi – Mahatma Gandhi  was the director of India’s independence movement. With the inspiration of them, India gained independence in 1947. Outlining the eternal values ​​of human life with its supernatural spiritual power. Mahatma Gandhi, the great and immortal hero of world history, continued to show the path of truth, nonviolence and love.

Death of Mahatma Gandhi

Nathuram Godse and his colleague Gopaldas shot Gandhiji in Birla House on 30 January 1948 and shot him dead.

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