History of Rohingiya, Rohingya crisis and Rohingya issue

History of Rohingiya, Rohingya crisis and Rohingya issue

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History of Rohingiya Rohingya crisis and Rohingya issue, Rakhine is a province on the border of Bangladesh on the northwestern side of Myanmar, which is spread over 36 thousand 762 square kilometers. Sitave is its capital.

According to the Myanmar Government’s 2014 Census Report, the total population of the holdings is about 21 lakh, of which 20 million are Buddhists. There are about 29 thousand Muslims living here. According to the report, a population of about 10 lakhs of the state was not included in the census.

In this report, the population of this 10 lakh was originally considered to be a religion of Islam.

The population not included in the census is considered as Rohingya Muslims. It is said that they are mainly illegal Bangladeshi expatriates.

History of Rohingiya Rohingya crisis and Rohingya issue

The government has refused to give them citizenship. Although they are living in Myanmar for generations.

Communal violence continues in the Hainan province in 2012. A large number of people have been killed in this violence and millions of people have been displaced.

A large number of Rohingya Muslims are still living in shabby camps. Rohingya Muslims have to face discrimination and abuse on a widespread scale.

Rohingya with no document in lakhs is living in Bangladesh. He left Myanmar decades ago.

Rohingya extremists attacked Myanmar and killed 12 security personnel by attacking the police post.

After this attack, the army launched a brutal campaign and the migration of Rohingya Muslims from Myanmar has continued since then. It is alleged that the army burnt their villages and attacked civilians in order to disperse Rohingya Muslims from there.

Since the violence started last month, about 3,79,000 Rohingya refugees have already crossed the border and have taken shelter in Bangladesh.

Aung San Suu Kyi, leader of Myanmar, defended the atrocities committed on Rohingya Muslims by defaming them against acts of extremism. Suu Kyi did not participate in the United Nations General Assembly also.

Meanwhile, constant pressure on Ang Sang Sui is increasing.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has said that Rohingya Muslims are facing ‘humanitarian disaster’ in Myanmar.

Rohingya

Rohingya

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History of Rohingiya Rohingya crisis and Rohingya issue

Guterres said that the alleged attacks of security forces on the houses of Rohingya villagers can not be accepted in any way. They have appealed to stop military action from Myanmar.

The Myanmar army has denied the charge of targeting the common people and said that he is fighting extremists.

UN refugee agency says that the help of Rohingya refugees living in temporary camps in Bangladesh is inadequate.

Antonio Guterres has appealed for help from the international community.

They said, “The number of Rohingya refugees coming from Bangladesh last week was 1,25,000. Now that number has tripled.”

He said, “Many of them are living in temporary camps or with people helping, but women and children are reaching in hungry and undernourished condition.”

 

History of Rohingiya Rohingya crisis and Rohingya issue, It is said that Rohingya Muslims are such a minority community in the world which is being victimized the most.

After all, who are Rohingya? What is the problem with Myanmar? Why are they fleeing to Bangladesh? Why did not they get citizenship till now? Aung San Suu is known worldwide as a champion of human rights, and why is he being victimized?

Who are Rohingya?

The majority of Myanmar’s population is Buddhist. According to an estimate in Myanmar, 10 lakh Rohingya are Muslims. It is said about these Muslims that they are mainly illegal Bangladeshi expatriates. The government has refused to give citizenship to them. Although they are living in Myanmar for generations. In the Harenain State, communal violence continues in 2012. A large number of people have been killed in this violence and more than one lakh people have been displaced.

History of Rohingiya Rohingya crisis and Rohingya issue, A large number of Rohingya Muslims are still living in shabby camps. Rohingya Muslims have to face discrimination and abuse on a widespread scale. Rohingya with no document in lakhs is living in Bangladesh. He left Myanmar decades ago.

What’s going on in the last state?

After the death of nine police officers on the Maungdow border in Myanmar, security forces started operation on a large scale in the newly formed State last month. Some officials of the government claim that these attacks were done by Rohingya community people. After this, the security forces closed the boundary of Maungdaw district completely and started a massive operation.

Rohingya activists say that more than 100 people have been killed and hundreds have been arrested. The soldiers of Myanmar are facing grave charges of human rights violations. The soldiers are being accused of torture, rape and murder. Although the government has dismissed it altogether. It is being said that the soldiers are also using helicopters in the attack on Rohingya Muslims.

Is the Government of Myanmar guilty for this?

In Myanmar, the election was held 25 years later in the last year. In this election, Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi’s party National League for Democracy won a massive victory. However, due to constitutional rules, he was unable to become president even after winning the election. Sue is in the role of the State Counselor. Although it is said that the actual command is in the hands of Suu Kyi. Suu Kyi is on target internationally. 

It is alleged that despite being a champion of human rights, they are silent.The question of the government is being asked why journalists are not being allowed to stay in the last held. President’s spokesman Zav Huti has said that it is being misinterpreted on the international level.

What are Aung San Suu Kyi ?

Aung San Suu Kyi is now the real leader of her country. Although the security of the country is in the hands of the Armed Forces. If Suu Kyi bends in the international pressure and she does a credible investigation with the laid down State, then she may have to face the risk of confrontation with the Army. Their government can be in danger.

Aung San Suu Kyi is completely silent for the past 6 weeks. He is not even talking to journalists in this matter. When there was pressure on them in this matter, he said that what is happening in the reserved state is under the rule of law. There is a lot of noise in this case at international level. Sympathy for Rohingya in Myanmar is not equal. The army’s army against Rohingya is fiercely supporting Myanmar.

Objection to Bangladesh

The Bangladesh Foreign Ministry has expressed deep concern over the matter with the Myanmar Ambassador. Bangladesh said the troubled people are crossing the border and are coming here to look for a safe haven.

Bangladesh said that discipline should be followed on the boundary. Those crossing the border from Bangladesh Authority are being sent back to Myanmar. Amnesty International has strongly condemned it and said it is a violation of international rules.

Bangladesh is not accepting Rohingya Muslims as refugees. People from Rohingyas and asylum seekers are coming from Myanmar to Bangladesh since the 1970s. In the beginning of this week, Human Rights Watch released a satellite photo. It was told that in the last 6 weeks, 1,200 houses of Rohingya Muslims were broken. 

What is the rest of the Muslims?

Myanmar is his home for Tan Kay, he grew up like thousands of Burmese, and he also struggled on the streets to demand democracy. He has been in prison for even 10 years.

Today they are playing their active role as a former political prisoner in Myanmar. They are among the Muslims who hoped that when the military rule in Myanmar was completed in 2010, Muslims would be given a proper place in the society.

Rohingya displaced Muslims

Rohingya displaced Muslims

History of Rohingiya Rohingya crisis and Rohingya issue

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Muslims live for several hundred years

Nearly 4.5 percent of the Muslim population in Myanmar’s population of about 5 million However, according to Muslim leaders, their number is twice as high as this official figure.

According to several reports, Muslims have been living in Myanmar for several hundred years. During the British rule, their numbers increased considerably, as many people migrated from the Indian continent and many people were brought here.

The language of Rohingya Muslims is different from those who live in southern and central Myanmar. Most Rohingya resides in the Tavern region.

According to Muslim leaders, there are a large number of Muslims living in Myanmar, but still there is no Muslim in the Parliament.

Stake in government

In the elections held in 2015, the National League for Democracy (NLD), the party that came to power in Aang San Suu Kyi, did not stand any Muslim candidate for the election.

Says Alhaj Uwe Levin, chief organizer of the Islamic Center of Myanmar: “We think that we are being victim of all kinds of exploitation.

He points out that his condition is only when the army took power in 1962, since then the Muslims have always been neglected by the main posts of the government.

They say, “The army is very distant and you will not see any Muslim as a junior officer in the police.”

In order to find a solution to the ongoing violence in Lakhine, an independent advisory commission was made under the supervision of former United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan, Levin is a member of that commission.

Aung San Suu Kyi formed this advisory commission in the year 2016. On August 24, this commission had submitted its recommendations a day before the beginning of fresh violence in Tavernine.

Levin says that Sue may not be the best but he is his last hope, if he openly speak to the arbitrators, it would be like his political suicide.

History of Rohingiya Rohingya crisis and Rohingya issue

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They caution that if the Muslims were kept away from power, then the totalitarian regime would reestablish Myanmar again.