Oral Cancer types reason and how to protect from oral cancer

Oral Cancer types reason and how to protect from oral cancer

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There are many types of lesions (development) that have the potential to become “oral cancer”. These include white salts (leucoplakia; the most diagnosed anterior lesions in the mouth) and red, velvety wounds called erythroplaccia.

Men face double the risk of oral cancer development compared to women. Men over 50 years of age have the greatest risk. The use of smoking and tobacco is the main reason for oral cancer or mouth cancer.

Its diagnosis and management is done by a multi-disciplinary team, including oral and maxillofacial surgeon, radiation oncologist, medical oncologist, maxillofacial prosthetantant and restoronto dentist, physician speaking and swallowing.


What is Oral Cancer? 

Oral cancer or mouth Cancer is normal and easy to cure if it is found in the early stages. A dentist usually gets oral cancer in his early stages as the mouth can easily be examined.

Oral cancer involves cancer of the lips, tongue, cheek, mouth, hard and soft palate, sinus, and pharynx (throat), if they are not diagnosed and treated at the right time, it can be fatal.


Types of Oral Cancer

In oral cancer, the following cancers are included –

  1. Lip cancer
  2. Tongue cancer 
  3. Cheek Cancer 
  4. Gum cancer 
  5. Cancer of the mouth (under the tongue) 
  6. Strict and soft palate cancer. 


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Other types of Oral Cancer 

Squamous cell carcinoma – More than 90 percent of cancerous squamous cell carcinomas found in oral cavity and o oropharynx. Generally, throat and mouth are associated with the so-called squamous cells, which are flat and arranged in a manner similar to a scale. 

 Verrucous carcinoma – Approximately 5 percent of oral cavity tumors are a workaroscars carcinoma, which is a type of very slow growing cancer made of squamous cells. This type of oral cancer rarely spreads to other parts of the body but can invade tissues around the place of origin.  

Small salivary gland Carsinomas (Minor Salivary Gland Carcinomas)   The oral cancers are found in the lining can be developed on a small salivary glands, which the mouth and throat.

Lymphomas (Lymphomas) – is part of developing oral cancer, in which the immune system in the lymph tissue, called lymphoma. Lymphoid tissues are in tongues and bases of the tongue.

Leukoplakia and erythroplakia – this non-cancerous condition means there are some types of abnormal cells in the mouth or throat. In Leucoplakia, a white area can be seen and in erythroplaceria, there is a red area, flat or slightly elevated, which often leads to bleeding on scabies. Both conditions may be associated with anterior, they can develop in different types of cancers. When these conditions occur, a biopsy or other test is done to determine whether the cell is cancer or not.


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Symptoms of Mouth Cancer

The mouth cancer has the following symptoms:

  1. Mouth ache – Pain or trouble in the mouth, which is not good, is the most common symptom of mouth cancer.
  2. Corrected carcinoma – A flushed part of the skin (canker) that is not suitable, can be a sign of mouth cancer.
  3. Weight phenomenon – Maximum weight loss can be an indicator of cancer.
  4. Develop bloating / thickness, lump, spots / scalp or erosion in lips, gums or other areas of the mouth.
  5. Development of velvety white, red or spotted (white and red) patch in the mouth.
  6. Bleeding without mouth.
  7. Feeling of numbness in the face, mouth, neck, or any area of ​​the ear for no reason, nothing to feel or pain / tenderness.
  8. Having wounds on face, neck or mouth and not recovering within 2 weeks.
  9. Pain and such a wedding is something stuck in the back of the throat.
  10. Difficulty chewing or swallowing, speaking or jaw or moving the tongue.
  11. Nervousness and change in voice.
  12. A change in the way your teeth and artificial teeth fit together.
  13. Lumps in the neck

Oral Cancer Causes & Risk Factors 

The causes of oral cancer are the following:

  1. Smoking – The possibility of developing oral cancer is six times higher in those who smoke, cigarettes or pipe smoking.
  2. Tobacco – The people who smoke tobacco are 50 times more likely to have cancer of cheeks, gums and lips.
  3. Drink more alcohol
  4. Family history of cancer
  5. Excessive excretion in the sun increases its risk especially in younger age. 
  6. Human papillomavirus (HPV). 
  7. Oroferarygee Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC)).

It is important to remember that more than 25% of oral cancer is found in people who do not smoke or drink alcohol.

Mouth cancer

Mouth cancer

Oral Cancer Prevention 

The following measures are to prevent oral cancer:

  1. Do not use smoking or any tobacco product nor drink alcohol.
  2. Eat good and balanced diet.
  3. Avoid as much as possible by contacting the sun’s rays. Whenever you go out in the sun, use UV-A / B blocking sun protection lotion on your skin and lips.
  4. Young people who have oral sex have a high risk of oral cancer.

With the following actions you can find oral cancer only in the early stages –

  1. Self-test at least once in a month. 
    Feel the part of your lips and front of your gums by using a light and a glass. Tilt your head behind and look and feel the upper layer of your mouth. Drag your cheek and look inside your mouth, your cheeks layer and back gums Feel lumps or enlarged lymph nodes on both sides of the neck and lower jaws. Contact your dentist immediately if you have symptoms of oral cancer in your mouth.
  2. Check with your dentist on a regular schedule. 
    Even if you often do self-exams of your mouth, but occasionally small spots or mouth lesions can be dangerous and it can be difficult to see yourself. The American Cancer Society advises individuals aged over 20 for oral cancer every three years and for people over 40 years of age. Detection of oral cancer in early stage can increase the chance of successful treatment.

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