Stephen Hawking Biography Awards and Achievements
Stephen Hawking life was full of difficulties from the very beginning, but he still fulfilled his dream of becoming a scientist and contributed to his countless contribution to the field of science. Due to his contribution, many such things were discovered about which somebody has rarely imagined.
Stephen Hawking Birth and Family
Stephen Hawking was born in England in 1942. At the time when Hawking was born, World War II was going on in the world. Stephen Hawking mother and father’s house used to be in North London. But due to this war they had to change their home and they came and settled in a safe place in London.
Stephen’s father worked as a medical researcher, whose name was Frank. At that time his mother’s name was Isobel, who worked as a secretary in the medical research institute. Hawking’s parents met at the time of working in the medical research institute. After which they had married and had four children. Whose name was Stephen, Phillipa, Mary and Edward. Edward was his adoptive son.
Stephen Hawking Biography Awards and Achievements
Stephen Hawking Education
When Stephen was eight, his family moved to St. Alban, and Stephen was admitted to a school here. After completing his schooling, Stephen enrolled at Oxford University and here he studied the subject of physics. At the time when he enrolled in this university, his age was only 17 years old.
It is said that Stephen was interested in mathematics and he wanted to do his studies in this topic. But at that time this topic was not used at Oxford University. Due to which he had to choose the subject of physics.
After getting first degree degree in physics, he studied further in Cambridge University. In the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics (DAMTP) in Cambridge University in 1962, he did research on cosmology.
Stephen Hawking was living his life as common people, but in the year 1963 his health began to worsen. Seeing the deteriorating condition of Stephen 21 years his father took him to the hospital where he was examined and found in the investigation that Stephen had a disease called amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Due to this disease, parts of the body stop functioning slowly and there is no cure for this disease. While Stephen was diagnosed with this disease, he was studying at Cambridge University. But they did not allow this disease to interfere with their dreams. Despite his illness, he completed his studies and in the year 1965 he got his PhD degree. In his Ph.D, his thesis titled ‘ Properties of Expanding Universe ‘ was.
Stephen Hawking ‘s Wife
The year that Stephen got to know about his illness, the same year he met his first wife, Jane Wilde . In this horrible time of Hawking, Jane collaborated with her and married them in the year 1965. Jane and Hong Kong had three children and their names are Robert, Lucy and Timothy.
This marriage of Hawking lasted for 30 years, and in 1995, Jane and Hawking had divorced. After divorcing, Hawking had married Elaine Mason, and this marriage took place in the year 1995, until the year 2016.
Career of Stephen Hawking
Even after completing his studies from Cambridge, Hawking was associated with this college and he worked here as a researcher. In 1972, he served as an Assistant Researcher in DAMTP, during which he wrote his first academic book, ‘The Lazel Scale Structure of Space-Time’. After working for some time here, he was inducted into the Royal Society (Fellowship) in 1974.
After that, he also worked as a gravitational physicist reader in DAMTP in 1975 and in 1977 he served as a professor of gravitational physics. At the same time, in the year 1979, he was appointed Lucasian Professor of Mathematics in Cambridge, which is the most famous academy in the world, and on this post he worked till the year 2006.
Stephen Hawking Received Awards and Achievements
Professor Stephen Hawking has total thirteen (13) honorary degrees. At the same time, he has been given many awards for his contribution and the information given to him so far has been given below.
- In 1966, Stephen Hawking was given the Adams Prize. After this award, he got the Edington Medal in 1975 and the Maxwell Medal and Prize in 1976.
- Heineman Prize was given to Hawking in 1976. After receiving this award, he was honored with the award in the year 1978 and the award was named Albert Einstein Medal.
- In 1985, Hawking was given the RAS Gold Medal and the 1987 Draaic Medal of the Institute of Physical. After this, in 1988, the great scientist was given the Wolf Prize.
- Prince of Asturias also received Hawking’s name in the year 1989. After receiving this award, he was also given Andrew Gems Award (1998), Nylor Award and Lectureship (1999).
- The next award they received in 1999 was named Lilienfeld Prize, and the Albert Medal was also given this year by the Royal Society of Art.
- Apart from the above-mentioned awards, he has also been given the Copley Medal (2006), the Presidential Medal of Freedom (2009), Fundamental Physics Prize (2012) and the BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award (2015).
Work by Stephen Hawking
- Professor Stephen Hawking has done many research on the basic law governing the universe. Hawking had done research with his fellow Roger Penrose and told the world that space and time have begun with the birth of the universe and will end within the black hole.
- Using Einstein’s theory of relativity and quantum theory, Hawking also determined that black holes are not completely calm but emit radiation.
- Apart from this, Hawking had also proposed that there is no limit to the universe and with the help of science, it can also be ascertained when the universe started and how it happened.
Books by Stephen Hawking
Stephen Hawking has written several books in his lifetime and his book has been written in the subject of space. Below we have given information about some of the books written by him.
- ‘ A Brief History of Time ‘ –The name of the first book written by Hawking was ‘A Brief History of Time’. This book was based on the topic of Big Bang and Black Hole and published in 1988, this book is available in 40 languages.
- Thebook ” The Universe in a Nutsel “ – was published in 2001, and this book, written by Hawking, received the Aventis Price of Science Books in 2002.
- ” The Grand Design” –The book “The Grand Design” written by Hawking was published in 2010 and the book also provided space related information. This book also proved to be a very successful book.
- ‘ Black Hole and Baby Universe ‘ –This book came in 1993 and was mentioned in the book by Hawking about the essays and lectures related to black holes. Apart from this, Hawking also wrote a book for children. The name “George and the Big Bang” and this book came in 2011.
Also Read : Alexander Graham Bell Biography
Quotes Stephen Hawking
- Life will be unfortunate if it is not funny and interesting.
- If you are always angry and will remain angry then nobody will have the time for you
- The goal of my life is to be very much and this goal is to understand this universe and find out why it is such and why it is.
- Ignorance is not an enemy, whereas the enemy is the illusion that they say everything comes to you.
Film on Stephen Hawking life
In the year 2014 a movie was created on it, whose name is”The Theory of Everything”. In this film, his struggle of life was shown and how it was said that he had fulfilled his dreams.
Stephen Hawking total assets
Stephen Hawking owns a home in the city of Cambridge, England, and currently has a total property of $ 20 million. They have earned these assets through their works, awards and books.
Stephen Hawking Death
Hawking was running sick for a long time. Due to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, he has told about 53 years of his life on the wheel chair. On 14th March this great scientist took his last breath in England and took a farewell to this world. But the contributions made by them in the sciences will never be forgotten.