Thousand Years Old’s History of India and information of Paleolithic’s period

Thousand Years Old’s History of India and information of Paleolithic’s period

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Thousand Years Old’s History of India and information of Paleolithic’s period, History Of India’s thousands of years old. It has been divided into many parts. In Central India, we see the presence of Paleolithic period. Archaeologist also believes that they lived in India 200,000 to 5, 00,000 years ago. 

This period was known only as the Pala period. In the grounds of its development we see four stages and the fourth stage is known as platform of four parts, which is divided into two parts, Pleistocene and Holocene.

The oldest archaeological site of this place is full-scale hominid, which is located on the river Son River. The Sonian place is visible to us in the Siwalkic region such as India, Pakistan and Nepal.

Thousand Years Old’s History of India and information of Paleolithic’s period

Middle Stone 

Middle Stone india

Middle Stone india

Modern humans had been established in the Indian subcontinent approximately 12,000 years ago today. At that time, the last ice age was at the end and the weather had become hot and dry. 

The first agreement of human society in India is seen in Bhimbal near the place of Bhimbetka stone shelter in India. Middle stone people engaged in hunting, fishing and gathering grains.

Neolithic 

Neolithic farming spread to the Indus Valley region about 7000 years ago and spread to the lower Gangetic valley 5000 years ago. Later, in South India and Malwa it came in 3800 years.

Tamrapanchan era 

It excludes all areas of modern Maharashtra, except in Vidarbha and coastal Konkan region.

Bronze Age 

india Bronze Age

india Bronze Age

Thousand Years Old’s History of India and information of Paleolithic’s period

In India, the Bronze Age began with about 5300 years ago with Indus Valley civilization. This era was in the middle of the Indus River and its allies were spread around the Ghaggar-Hakra river valley, Ganga-Yamuna Dam, Gujarat and north-east Afghanistan. 

This era appears in most modern India (Gujarat, Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan) and Pakistan (Sindh, Punjab and Baluchistan).

At that time the first city of the subcontinent was in Indus Valley Civilization – Harappa culture. It was one of the oldest urban civilizations in the world. 

After this, on the banks of the Indus Valley River, Harappa also developed its civilization in handicraft and new technology and started producing copper, bronze, lead and tin.

The prosperity of the fully developed Indus Civilization had already happened from about 4600 to 3,600 years ago. 

This was the beginning of the urban civilization on the Indian subcontinent. This civilization includes urban centers such as Dholavira, Kalibanga, Ropar, Ashgigiri and Lothal and presently in Pakistan includes Harappa, Ganeriwala and Mohenjodaro. 

This civilization was famous for its brick walls, drainage machines and multi-story houses on both sides of the road.

In the time of this civilization, the signs of their gradual decrease began to appear. He left many cities developed by them 3700 years ago. 

But the collapse of Indus Valli civilization was not sudden. Even after their collapse, some people of civilization used to spend their time in a small village.

Vedic Civilization 

The Vedas are one of the oldest educational sources of India, but by the 5th century it was said only in verbal form. 

Religiously four Vedas, the first Rigveda According to the Rig Veda, the first Aryans were established in India in all states and in the place where they were established, it was also called 7 Rivers, that place was called Saptasindhava.

The remaining three of the four Vedas are Ved Samaveda, Yajurveda and Atharvaveda. There are verses in all the Vedas that praise God and others. 

There are also other valuable information in the Vedas. The Samamra society was quite rural at that time.

After the Rig Veda, our society and agriculture became a living People were also divided into four parts, these parts were divided on the basis of their work. Brahmins were priests and teachers, Kshatriyas were warriors, Vaishy used to do farming, trade and commercial work, and the people who did Shudra ordinary work.

It was also a common misconception that Vaishya and Shudra were considered to be lower and Brahmin and Kshatriyas viewed them badly and treated them badly. 

But this thing does not apply to the ancient Vedic civilization, even though later we see some evidence of this matter. This type of social discrimination is called the Hindu tradition in Hinduism.

At the time of Vedic civilization, there were many Aryan descendants and people of Arya community. Some of which were formed by some of the people, such as the Kurus Empire

 

Also Read :  India which is divided into pieces

Thousand Years Old’s History of India and information of Paleolithic’s period

Persians and Greek Invasions 

Around the 5th Century, the Achaemenid Empire and the Greek army of Alexander the Great attacked on the north-western part of India. 

At that time Persian approach, governance system and ways to live had arrived in India. Its most effect is seen in the time of the Mauryan Empire.

From approximately 520 BC, the ruling dynasty of the Achaemenid Empire was ruling on the north-western part of the first Indian subcontinent. Later Alexander won his land.

A historian of that time, Herodotus, had written that the winning part was the richest part of Alexander’s empire. Achaemenid has been governed for almost 186 years and hence even today we see some signs of Greek civilization in northern India.

Greco-Buddhism is a mix of Greek and Buddhism cultures. Thus, the combination of cultures continued till about 800 years from the 4th century to the 5th century. 

We know this part in the name of current Afghanistan and Pakistan. The combination of cultures influenced the Mahayana Buddha people as well as in China, Korea, Japan and Ebait also we see the effect.

Magadha Empire 

Magadha Empire

Magadha Empire

Magadha is one of the 16 empires of ancient India. The main part of this empire was Bihar in the south of the Ganges. Its first capital was the Rajghat (the current Rajgir) and Pataliputra (present Patna).

In Magadha’s empire most of the part of Bihar and Bengal was part of which we see a lot of Uttar Pradesh and Odisha too. 

The information of the ancient Magadha Empire comes in the Jain and Buddha writings. In addition, it has been described in Ramayana, Mahabharata and Puran. 

Magadha kingdom and empire were written before 600 BC in the Vedic texts.

Magadha has played an important role in the development of Jain and Buddha religions, as well as the two great empires of India, the Mauryan Empire and the Gupta Empire also played an important role. 

These empires emphasized the development of science, math, religion, philosophy and astronomy in ancient India. The reign of these empires is also known in India as the “golden age “.

Initial Central Empire 

Satavahana Empire 

Satavahana Empire appears to us around the mother-in-law of 230 BC. This empire was also known by the name of Andhraas. 

For nearly 450 years, many Satvahana kings ruled in many parts of northern and central India.

Western satrap 

For almost 350 years, between 35 and 405 years, King ruled India. They ruled the western and central part of India. 

Today, this part comes in the states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. In total, he was 27 independent rulers who were known as Satraps.

The ruler ruled with India in association with King Kushan and King Satavahana. The Kushan kings ruled over the northern part of India and Satavahana Raja used to rule India and Central and Southern parts.

Indo – Sotheins 

Indo-Sethians came to India after passing through places like Siberia’s bacteria, Sogdana, Kashmir and Arachoaa. They started coming from the second century to the first century. 

Unoho defeated Indo-Greek rulers of India and began to rule from Gandhara to Mathura.

Secret Empire

Thousand Years Old’s History of India and information of Paleolithic’s period

Secret Empire india

Secret Empire india

The rule of the Gupta Empire was between 320 to 550 AD. The Gupta Empire captured many north-central parts. He had some state in western India and Bangladesh too. 

He also believed in Hindu beliefs for the secret society. The Gupta empire was called the Golden Age of India. 

Historians say that the Gupta empire is in harmony with the Han Empire, the Tang Empire and the Roman Empire.

Invasion 

In the first part of the fifth century, some group of people had been established in Afghanistan. They had become quite powerful after some time. 

They made Bamiyan their capital. After this he also started attacking the north-western part of India.

Skand Gupta, ruler of the Gupta Empire, faced him and kept him away from his empire for a few years. 

But ultimately, he was conquered and he gradually started attacking the rest of northern India. In addition to this, the Gupta empire had also ended.

After the invasion, a lot of northern India was affected. But the army of I did not invade Deccan Plateau and southern India. 

That is why this part of India was peaceful at that time. But nobody knew about the fate of am I. According to some historians, he also joined the Indian people over time.

Middle Eastern Empire – History of India

In the history of India, the medieval empire comes in the sixth to seventh century. In South India, Chola King’s Tamil Nadu and Chera Raja ruled in Kerala. 

At the same time, he had business relations with his Roman Empire and had good relations with South Asia and East Asia. In northern India, the rule of Rajputa was ruled. Some of the rulers ruled for more than 100 years.

Harsh Empire 

After the fall of the Gupta Empire, the Kannauj Harsh, laid the foundation of a vast empire by combining all the parts of northern India. 

After his death many empires tried to handle and rule northern India but all failed. Those empires trying to include Malwa’s Pratihar, Palas of Bengal and the Rashtrakutas of Deccan.

Pratihar, Palas and Rashtrakut

The kingdom of Pratihar King was between 6th and 11th century in some northern parts of Rajasthan and India. Palas used to rule the eastern parts of India. 

They used to govern the states of present India like Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal and Bangladesh. The rule of the palace was between 8th and 12th century.

In the southern part of India, the rule of Rashtrakut of Malkheda was ruled by the 8th to 10th century after the fall of the Chalukya. 

These three empires always wanted to rule over northern India. But after Chola rule became powerful and powerful, they failed.

Rajput 

In the 6th century, many Rajput kings came with the intention of being established in Rajasthan. Some Rajput kings used to rule in the northern part of India. 

Some of them had ruled for more than 100 years in Indian history.

Vijayanagara Empire 

In 1336, two brothers named Harihar and Bukka together formed the Vijayanagara Empire in the present state of Karnataka of India. 

The most famous king of this empire was King Devi. In 1565, the emperor of this empire had to face defeat in a war.

There were trade relations with many of the rulers of south India and Arab and Indonesia and other eastern countries.

Islamic Sultanate 

500 years ago, people of Islam religion had spread throughout India. In the 10th and 11th centuries, Turks and Afghans invaded India and established Delhi’s Sultanate. 

In the beginning of the 16th century, the descendants of Janghish Khan established the Mughal Empire, who ruled for almost 200 years. 

Hindu Chola and Vijayanagar empire secured the South India from 11th to 15th century. At this time, the two systems – prevailing and prevailing, were adopted to disseminate Hindu and Muslim.

Delhi Sultanate 

Ghulam Empire was started by Qutb Uddin Aibak. He was one of those who started making architectural heritage and, firstly, he constructed Qutub Minar in the interest of Muslim religion . 

Qutb Uddin Aibak died while playing Chaugan. He died due to falling from his horse. After this, Eltumish became his successor. After this Razia Sultan became his successor and also became the first female ruler.

Mysore Empire 

The empire of Mysore was the empire of South India. According to the people, in the year 1400, the Wodeyars established the kingdom of Mysore. 

After this, Hyder Ali and his son Tipu Sultan fought with Wodeyar. Along with this he also opposed the British Raj, but ultimately he had to face defeat.

In the British rule, the Wodeyar king used to rule Karnataka. When India was liberated on August 15, 1947, the Wodeyar empire also became part of India.

Punjab 

Guru Nanak had discovered Sikh religion and his followers. The strength of the Sikhs was increasing in northern India along with the times. The majority of northern India was ruled by the Sikh rulers. 

In the Sikh Empire, Ranjit Singh was the most famous and mighty ruler. At the time of his death, he also developed the border to the Sikh Empire, and in his empire Punjab and present Kashmir and some parts of Pakistan were also included.

There were many battles in history between the Sikhs and the British army. By the time Maharaja Ranjeet Singh was alive, the British authorities had no success in crossing the Sultave river. 

After his death, he had taken the entire panjabi and made the fall of the Sikh ruler.

Durrani Empire 

For a very little time, Ahmad Shah Durrani started ruling in some parts of northern India. Historians named their empire as the Durrani Empire.

In 1748 he crossed the Indus and attacked Lahore, which is now a part of Pakistan. Along with this he also attacked many parts of Punjab. And then attacked Delhi. 

At that time Delhi was the capital of the Mughal Empire. He took a lot of valuable things from India Including the famous Kohinoor Diamond of India .

Colonial Time 

Colonial time means the time when western countries ruled India. These countries also ruled other countries, such as Asia, Africa and South America.

Company Secrets 

From 1600, the British East India Company came to India and was first established in Bengal. Between 1700 (1725-1774) the company had had a lot of influence on India and its subordination to many states on India. 

After winning the Battle of Plassey in 1757, the British had been made the governor of Bengal and since then it was the beginning of the Company Raj in India.

After 100 years of war, East India Company had left its mark in the entire Indian subcontinent. 

They ruled only on the emphasis of trade, politics and military force. But in 1857 the Indians strongly opposed the company and this protest soon took the form of a revolution and as a result the company collapsed. 

After this, India became a part of the British Empire in 1858 and Queen Victoria was the first queen of India.

British Raj 

For almost 90 years, the British ruled India. Their entire empire is divided into eight main areas, Burma, Bengal, Madras, Bombay, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab and Assam. 

In which the Governor General of Calcutta was the Chief Officer of the Government.

After joining the British Raj of India, the British also made a lot of persecution on India’s culture and time. They took many precious things from India. 

They split a unbroken India into pieces. And on the basis of which the kings ruled, they attacked them and attacked them. They carried many valuable items from India, including the Kohinoor diamond of India.

Many people died during the famine and floods, the government did not provide enough support for the people. 

At that time no Indian was able to pay taxes to the British, but then the British who used to pay Indian tax was put in prison.

The political opponents of the British Raj also had to go to jail. After ruling India for almost 100 years, they used to divide and rule the Nation. And many people died during partition of India-Pakistan.

The British did many good things for the Indians as well as atrocities against Indians. They built railroads and telephones and also developed trade, law and water facilities. 

These works done by them resulted in the growth and prosperity of India.

They built Indian Civil Service and made many necessary rules and laws. They also prohibited the practice of burning widows in India.

When British people were ruling India, its economic benefit was being done to Britain. In India, raw works were produced in cheap barges and they were sent abroad. 

At that time Indians also had access to the things made by the British.

Freedom Campaign 

Many Indians wanted to be free from the British rule. The struggle for Indian independence movement was quite long and painful. 

He sacrificed his life for the independence of India by the hundreds of thousands of great freedom fighters. 

The main leader in the struggle for the Indian Independence Campaign was Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhi had complete faith in non-violence.

And on the strength of non-violence, India attained independence on August 15, 1947 and the country became independent.

Republic of India

On August 15, 1947, the British made two parts of India, one India and another Pakistan. With this, the British Raj had collapsed in the Indian subcontinent. 

On January 26, 1950, India adopted an independent judicial system. From that day, India came to be known as the Indian Republic.

We have seen many changes in the Indian Republic in the past 60 years. Some of them have been given below 

Thousand Years Old’s History of India and information of Paleolithic’s period

  • India has fought a war with Pakistan and with China. The war with Pakistan in 1947, 1965 and 1971 The battle of Kargil was in 1999. There was a war with China in 1962. In 1971, the Republic of India also assisted in the liberation of Bangladesh.
  • Under the leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru (the first Prime Minister of India), India had adopted the antisocial economy. According to some economics scholars, this was a mixed economy. At this time, India has made significant development in infrastructure, science and technology.
  • In the beginning of 1990 India has made many changes in its economy. In which the businessmen and industrialists of the country were given freedom.
  • In 1974, India attacked the first Nuclear Bombs. And in 1998 it repeated again. Along with this India, Nuclear power became a powerful country.

Currently India’s economy is the 10th largest economy in the form of a gross domestic product. 

According to some economics scholars, in the coming decades, India will be the world’s largest economy.